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浅谈英语语法学习的方法与策略

编辑:?金莎澳门官网 发布时间:?2020年02月14日 23:36:44

(a) English grammar teaching content

从内容上来看,语法教学的内容应该包括三个方面:语言结构(包括词素、语音、音素形式、句法形式等)、语义和语用。语法教学不仅要使学生掌握语言的形式和意义,更要使学生清楚形式的运用,赋予语法以交际意义。因此,从这个角度来看,高中英语语法的教学与其说是教给学生语法常识,不如说是培养学生的语法意识。

From the content point of view, grammar teaching content should include three aspects: language structure (including morphemes, voice, sound form and syntactic form, etc.), semantics and pragmatics. Grammar teaching is not only to enable students to master language form and meaning, to make more students know the use of forms, grammar with communicative meaning. Therefore, from this perspective, the high school English grammar teaching is not so much to teach students knowledge, cultivate the students' grammar consciousness rather.

从语法学习的过程来看,语法学习的过程有两种形式,一种是显性的,另一种是隐性的。那么究竟是显性学习方式有助于掌握语法,还是隐性学习方式有助于掌握语法呢?Lightbown的研究甚至发现显性教学反而阻碍了学生语言能力的发展。因此,通常认为,英语语法教学的最佳方式是显性教学与隐性教学的结合;既传授陈述性语法常识,同时又通过各种交际活动使用语法,促进程序性语法常识的习得,培养学生综合运用语言的能力。

From the perspective of the process of learning grammar, grammar learning process has two forms, one is dominant, the other is recessive. So what is the dominant learning style can help to master grammar, or implicit learning helps to master the grammar? Lightbown research even found that dominant teaching has hindered the development of students' language ability. Therefore, generally believes that the best way to English grammar teaching is the union of dominant and recessive teaching; Declarative syntax is imparting knowledge, but also through a variety of communicative activities using grammar, programmed to promote the acquisition of grammar knowledge, cultivating students' comprehensive ability of using language.

(二)英语语法的作用和地位

(2) the role and status of the English grammar

1.英语语法与英语语言

1. English grammar and English language

对于英语语法与英语语言的关系,章振邦认为,语言是社会交际的工具,是音义结合的词汇和语法的体系。从建构主义的角度来看,语法是语言的组织规律,它赋予语言结构系统,而词汇则是语言的建筑材料,它通过语法而赋予语言意义内容。同时,在语言的结构系统、语音系统和语义系统中,结构系统(即语法)是中心成分,是结合语音系统与语义系统的枢纽,这里可用公式简单的表示为:语义—语法—语音系统/文字系统。由此可见,英语语言常识(英语语法)对英语语言学习起着至关重要的作用。特别是对于像中国这种把英语作为一门外语进行学习的国家来说,由于缺乏相应的英语语言环境,想通过“语言习得”掌握英语是很难做到的。因此,英语语言常识(英语语法)的学习在一定程度上就显得十分重要。除此之外,大家还应该明白,英语语法学习并不是、也不可能是高中英语课堂教学的最终目标。语法学习只是学习者综合运用语言能力的基础和有机组成部分,其目的是通过掌握该语言的结构系统,从而为准确、熟练地使用该语言服务。但长期以来,怎样确保学习者能全面、系统、有效地掌握英语语法常识并熟练运用从而达到语用的目的,则是一个长期的难题。对于这一点,本文提出的语法教学的PWP模式以期对学习者学习英语语言常识有所帮助。

About English grammar and English language, the relationship between ZhangZhenBang believes that language is a tool of social communication, is the significance of vocabulary and grammar system. From the point of view of constructivism, grammar is the organization law of language, it gives the structure of language system, and the vocabulary is the building material, it is through grammar and language meaning content. At the same time, in the structure of language system, voice system and semantic system, the structure of the system components (that is, syntax) is a center, is a combination of phonetic and semantic systems hub, here is expressed by formula is simple: semantics, grammar, pronunciation system/writing system. English language knowledge (grammar), therefore, plays an crucial role in English language learning. Especially for like this to learn English as a foreign language in China, because of the lack of the corresponding English language environment, want to master English language acquisition is difficult to do. Therefore, English language knowledge (English grammar) learning is very important to a certain extent. In addition, we should also understand, English grammar learning is not, and can not be the ultimate goal of high school English classroom teaching. Comprehensive grammar learning is learners use the language ability and organic part of the basis of the purpose is to through the grasp of the language structure system, which is accurate, skilled use of the language services. But for a long time, how to ensure that learners comprehensive, system, effective to master English grammar and skillfully use so as to achieve the aim of pragmatics, it is a long-term problem. For this, this paper proposes the grammar teaching of PWP model in order to help learners to learn English language knowledge.

2.英语教学大纲与英语课程标准中的语法地位

2. English syllabus and the grammatical status of the English curriculum standard

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